159 types of marketing described, demystified and debunked.
Last updated: Feb 23, 20170 Comments
Has it ever occurred to you quite how many types of marketing there are?
Just enter the term “marketing” into Google and you’ll see loads of different strategies.
So, when it comes to marketing your business, you have a lot of options to choose from.
That’s why I decided to put together a list of all the different types of marketing tactics you could try.
I’ve included a brief description, comment, example and extra resource for each type.
Now… this is a huge, comprehensive list. I found 159 types of marketing, so this turned out to be a pretty big guide.
You’ll find the good, the bad and the ugly, but I reckon they’re all there.
To make it easier for you to look up and analyze different marketing strategies, I’ve put them in alphabetical order.
I’ve also added letter links below in case you’d like to jump straight to the marketing term that interests you.
Caveat: I’ve included any marketing term that might qualify as a tactic. I didn’t include industry specific terms such as construction marketing, farm marketing, art marketing or property marketing.
If you come across a marketing strategy that I haven’t covered, please let me know in the comments - that’ll help keep this article current.
1. Above the line [ATL] marketing
What is above the line marketing?
Above the line marketing is using mass media to market to a wide audience.
It’s the opposite of below the line marketing [number 11], which is more specific and targeted marketing.
The strength of above the line marketing is potential reach; the downside is often relevancy.
Need above the line marketing examples?
The clearest example of above the line marketing is a Super Bowl TV commercial.
A 30-second advert at half-time can cost upwards of $5million. Obviously viewing figures will be enormous, but will that pay off?
This effort from Doritos in 2016 got plenty of people talking:
What about above the line marketing resources?
2. Account-based marketing
What is account-based marketing?
Account-based marketing is an alternative B2B marketing strategy that targets customers who have a particular type of account.
It’s a form of segmentation [and in marketing, specificity is always a good thing].
Need account-based marketing examples?
Hotjar is a company that sells website analytics software. They have 3 price points:
If they wanted to upsell a product to their customers, it makes sense to tailor their messaging according to which version of the software they have.
The way Hotjar will speak to someone on the basic package could [and probably should] be very different to the way it will communicate with someone on the business deal.
What about account-based marketing resources?
3. Affiliate marketing
What is affiliate marketing?
Affiliate marketing is the act of marketing someone else’s brand, website, product or service in return for a fee.
The fee is performance-based. The more successful the affiliate marketing is, the more the affiliate will get paid.
Need affiliate marketing examples?
If you head to ClickBank, you’ll see that there are affiliate marketing opportunities in dozens of niches.
Fancy promoting a BBQ?
What about affiliate marketing resources?
4. Affinity marketing
What is affinity marketing?
Also known as partnership marketing [number 106], affinity marketing is about creating strategic, mutually beneficial partnerships.
Need affinity marketing examples?
Businesses partner together so that they can leverage different audiences and increase their brand awareness:
What about affinity marketing resources?
5. Agile marketing
What is agile marketing?
Agile marketing is about being open, receptive and responsive to change with your marketing strategy.
As the name suggest, it’s about being flexible and not sticking to a rigid plan. You could say, then, that agile marketing is more of an attitude than a strategy.
Inspiration for the term comes from the techie world of agile development, where iterations to software would be steady and incremental.
Need agile marketing examples?
Football fans will remember that in 2013, Chelsea’s Eden Hazard made the headlines by kicking out at a time wasting ball boy.
Specsavers wasted no time in sending out an amusing ad that referenced the bizarre incident:
What about agile marketing resources?
6. Alliance marketing
What is alliance marketing?
As with affinity or partnership marketing, alliance marketing is about two businesses collaborating.
The difference with alliance marketing is that the collaboration runs deeper.
Companies that are teaming up [because it can be more than one] pool their resources to promote and sell a product or service.
Need alliance marketing examples?
Alliance marketing is why you see a car wash at a garage, or a Costa at Waterstones.
Some partnerships just make perfect business sense:
What about alliance marketing resources?
7. Ambush marketing
What is ambush marketing?
A business that uses ambush marketing will attempt to associate its products or services with an event that already has official sponsors.
As the name suggests, companies use this low-cost tactic to ambush events and compete for exposure against competitors.
Need ambush marketing examples?
Tennis fans might remember that Heineken was the official beer sponsor of the 2011 US Open.
However, during the competition, rival Stella located the closest train station to Billie Jean King National Tennis Centre and decorated it with loads of adverts.
The adverts all had tennis-related themes and slogans, so it naturally appeared as though Stella were sponsoring the event.
What about ambush marketing resources?
Here you go:
8. Article marketing
What is article marketing?
Article marketing is a type of advertising in which businesses write articles and then strategically placed on the internet.
Articles need to be about topics relevant to your industry. Once written, they’re usually distributed to news outlets, article banks, forums, PR sites and article submission sites.
In a sense, article marketing is similar to content marketing, but the articles don’t exist on a company’s own website. As such, the value of article marketing is questionable.
Need article marketing examples?
Hub pages is a place where you can submit articles:
What about article marketing resources?
9. Augmented marketing
What is augmented marketing?
Augmented marketing is the idea of adding value to a proposition via an additional, innovative offer.
The word ‘augmented’ means “having been made greater in size or value”. So by laying on extra benefits, augmented marketing increases the chances of a sale.
Need augmented marketing examples?
You’ll find stacks of examples in the pizza industry:
What about augmented marketing resources?
10. Behavioral marketing
What is behavioral marketing?
Behavioral marketing is marketing to consumers that’s automated, but nonetheless based on their behavior.
It is an online marketing [number 101] strategy. Typically, behaviors that trigger a certain marketing message would be when someone:
- Clicks on a link.
- Visits a certain web page.
- Downloads a PDF.
- Buys something.
- Shares or likes a post on social media
Need behavioral marketing examples?
If you buy a bottle of ketchup and scan a QR code, you’ll get a specific marketing message. In this case, by doing that, your behavior tells Heinz something.
If nothing else, it reveals that you’re prepared to engage with their product and brand.
What about behavioral marketing resources?
11. Below the line [BTL] marketing
What is below the line marketing?
Below the line marketing is targeted marketing that doesn't use mass media [so not things like TV, radio and social media].
It’s the opposite of above the line marketing [number 1].
Below the line marketing is more personal and, as a result, often more successful that above the line marketing.
Need below the line marketing examples?
In general, network marketers throw intimate product parties.
Being able to physically put a product in someone’s hands and being able to talk to them face-to-face is a powerful combination.
What about below the line marketing resources?
12. Black hat marketing
What is black hat marketing?
Black hat marketing is the general term for unethical SEO tactics.
Here's the situation: Google analyzes websites against certain criteria before deciding what to rank where.
There are ways of cheating the system, but doing so would be gambling with your business. It’s just not worth it. Any gains are likely to be short-term; if Google catches on, you can expect your website to incur a penalty.
Need black hat marketing examples?
In 2013, Google penalized global florist Interflora for using back hat SEO tactics.
The penalty was severe. The Interflora website was effectively wiped off the internet for several months until the company managed to resolve all their unethical search issues.
What about black hat marketing resources?
13. Brand marketing
What is brand marketing?
Brand marketing is the concept of marketing an identity [and not a product or service].
Most businesses know that they have to work out their brand positioning. They need to understand what they stand for, what their USPs are and what the perception of their company is.
Sometimes, certainly over the long-term, it pays off to communicate values over items because it’s more conducive to encouraging customer engagement and loyalty.
Need brand marketing examples?
Tesco’s tagline shows that it cares about the cost of shopping. Each time you see the Tesco logo, the tagline hits you in the face:
What about brand marketing resources?
14. Brick and mortar marketing
What is brick and mortar marketing?
Quite simply, brick and mortar marketing is any form of marketing that exists in a retail shop.
Need brick and mortar marketing examples?
Most stores market special promotions:
What about brick and mortar marketing resources?
15. Business to business [B2B] marketing
What is B2B marketing?
Quite simply, B2B marketing happens when one business markets a product or service to another.
Need B2B marketing examples?
Take a look at this email that I received:
This is from a company that sells GPS tracking so that businesses can monitor their employees when they’re on the road.
Ignoring the fact that I have no requirement whatsoever for GPS tracking, this is B2B marketing.
They're a business that's trying to sell me a product for my business.
What about B2B marketing resources?
16. Business to consumer [B2C] marketing
What is B2C marketing?
B2C marketing refers to any marketing that’s specifically dedicated to consumers.
Need B2C marketing examples?
Obviously, consumers are marketed to everywhere, all day and all night.
Here’s a Next advert that I recently came across:
What about B2C marketing resources?
17. Business to people [B2P] marketing
What is business to people marketing?
Business to people marketing is B2B marketing [number 15] that is more personal [and, therefore, theoretically more effective].
There’s more a small dollop of BS about B2P marketing, but in essence, B2P exists because B2B marketing can often be quite stale and miss the mark.
B2P marketing feels a little more real. By appreciating that, even in B2B marketing, you’re still marketing to people, you’re more likely to see an ROI on your efforts.
Need business to people marketing examples?
My Stealth Marketing System teaches people how to create viral content.
If I wanted to pitch this service to a business using B2P marketing, I would seek out a company that had a fairly unsuccessful blog.
I’d then try to contact a decision maker and explain how my approach would benefit his or her company.
It’s still B2B marketing, but it’s dealing with real people, who run businesses with real problems.
What about business to people resources?
18. Buzz marketing
What is buzz marketing?
Buzz marketing is marketing that seeks to induce drama, excitement and anticipation about a product.
When it works, buzz marketing is amazing. The trouble is, if you get a campaign wrong, everything can fall flat. A poor result can even wreak havoc with your brand image.
Need buzz marketing examples?
Apple is great at buzz marketing.
Admittedly, they sell great gadgets, but they’ve nevertheless mastered the art of building excitement without saying much:
What about buzz marketing resources?
19. Call Centre marketing
What is call centre marketing?
Call centre marketing happens when a business authorizes a specialist company [a call centre or contact centre] to cold call people [and market a product or service].
Need call centre marketing examples?
Let’s suppose an accountancy firm wanted to advertise their services. And let’s also imagine that they wanted to market their brand to small businesses.
If they felt that cold calling was their best play, they face a couple of problems.
Firstly, there’s the logistical issue of making the calls. How long is it going to take to get the phone numbers and make the calls? Who is going to do it?
Secondly, what constitutes a good cold call? Not everyone can do it; there’s obviously a knack to marketing to strangers over the phone.
One solution is to use a call centre to cold call people for you.
This is call centre marketing.
What about call centre marketing resources?
20. Call-to-action [CTA] marketing
What is call-to-action marketing?
This is the name given to any online marketing collateral that prompts someone to take a specific action.
So any banners, buttons, copy or graphics that ask users to do something [like download a PDF, subscribe to a newsletter or click a link].
Typically, this action would lead to the user entering a sales funnel.
Need call-to-action examples?
You can see call-to-action marketing on the majority of websites.
If you head to the Splash Copywriters blog, you'll see the initial opening for each article. You'll also be able to click through to each and every post.
What about call-to-action marketing resources?
21. Catalogue marketing
What is catalogue marketing?
Catalogue marketing is the act of using a catalogue to showcase products or services.
It’s a type of direct marketing [number 47] that’s most popular with mail order retailers.
Catalogue marketing might seem like a slightly old fashioned form of marketing, but, perhaps surprisingly, research indicates the people still like being able to thumb through a catalogue.
There’s something about physical marketing that works.
Need catalogue marketing examples?
Step forward Argos…
What about catalogue marketing resources?
22. Cause marketing
What is cause marketing?
Cause marketing is attaching some sort of charitable or inspirational angle to a product, service or brand.
Crucially, cause marketing only works when you find a cause that both the business and its customers care about.
Need cause marketing examples?
Reebok has teamed up with Avon 39.
The Avon 39 Walk to End Breast Cancer is a 39-mile walk to raise awareness and funding for breast cancer.
Reebok is a national sponsor. Avon 39 gets significant visibility and cash, whilst being associated with such a worthy cause enhances Reebok’s brand.
What about cause marketing resources?
23. Celebrity marketing
What is celebrity marketing?
Celebrity marketing is getting a celebrity to endorse a product.
The logic is that celebrity endorsements increase sales because consumers can connect and identify with someone.
In other words, to them, it feels like they’re buying from the celebrity and not a faceless business.
Interestingly, although this tactic is known as celebrity marketing, a product doesn’t need an endorsement from a famous superstar. The ‘celebrity’ just needs to be a person who is well known to the target audience.
Need celebrity marketing examples?
Sky Sports have used David Beckham in their ads for a long time now:
What about celebrity marketing resources?
24. Channel marketing
What is channel marketing?
Channel marketing is any marketing strategy that helps a product or service reach the consumer in a quicker, more efficient way.
In business, a ‘channel’ is all the activities and people involved in taking something from production to consumption.
That’s stuff like manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, retailers, marketing collateral… etc.
Need channel marketing examples?
Advertising at a trade show is a form of channel marketing, since the result of partnering with a retailer would result in an item reaching customers quicker.
What about channel marketing resources?
25. Close range marketing [CRM]
What is close range marketing?
Brands who like close range marketing use WiFi or Bluetooth to send promotional messages to customers’ smartphones or tablets.
This is usually an in-store experience, because the customer’s device must be within range of the shop’s transmitter or beacon.
Also known as proximity marketing [number 119], close range marketing is a very modern strategy.
Need close range marketing examples?
If you find yourself wandering near a KFC and receiving an advert for a burrito, you now know the type of marketing you’ve seen:
What about close range marketing resources?
26. Closed loop marketing
What is closed loop marketing?
Closed loop marketing is the act of using information and performance data to produce more effective marketing strategies.
By analyzing what’s working with a campaign and what isn’t, a business can eliminate a degree of guesswork from their next project.
As the phrase goes, this reduces uncertainty and ‘closes the loop’.
Need closed loop marketing examples?
Suppose a business had 10 blog posts lined up in their editorial calendar, all on different subjects.
They could post them and go into their Google Analytics account to see how they each performed:
This data valuable because it can reveal which issues a company’s audience is more interested in. In turn, that can fine tune sales strategies going forward.
What about closed loop marketing resources?
27. Cloud marketing
What is cloud marketing?
Cloud marketing is simply using all the modern tools on the internet to continually connect with and market to customers.
Today, businesses are able to surface the same marketing message in multiple places.
So you might see one ad advert in an email, on a website, on Twitter, on YouTube, or in your Facebook feed.
Need cloud marketing examples?
Take a look at this mobile marketing message from Dunkin’ Donuts:
What about cloud marketing resources?
28. Communal marketing
What is communal marketing?
Communal marketing happens when a business uses customers’ stories about a product or service in a promotional campaign.
It’s marketing that aims to create a deeper bond between a business and its customers. It’s very effective because the people are real.
When they talk about their experiences, it helps non-customers identify with the product easier. They can see themselves feeling and experiencing the same things.
Need communal marketing examples?
Content tool Buzzsumo has some great testimonials on their website:
What about communal marketing resources?
29. Community marketing
What is community marketing?
Community marketing is any marketing that concentrates on an existing customer [as opposed to new customers].
Sometimes known as loyalty marketing [number 86], community marketing is useful because the cost of maintaining a customer will always be cheaper than the cost of acquiring a new one.
Need community marketing examples?
O2 does a good job or rewarding customer loyalty:
What about community marketing resources?
30. Computational marketing
What is computational marketing?
Computational marketing uses computer technology to make marketing more efficient.
Businesses that hold information about customers can use computers to match up the right people with the right marketing campaign.
In theory, it sounds great. Trouble is, companies often find themselves holding inconsistent levels of profile data. They can access lots of information about some people, but hold nothing but a name for others.
That reduces the success of the algorithm substantially.
Need computational marketing examples?
Say I manage a supermarket and want to promote a range of shower gels. If I have a database with details of 10,000 customers, I could use computer software to analyze their buying habits.
If it shows me 1,000 people who have bought shower gels in the past 6 months, I could market only to them [and expect more higher success].
That’s computational marketing.
What about computational marketing resources?
31. Concentrated marketing
What is concentrated marketing?
Concentrated marketing happens when a company has developed a product specifically for a very well defined market.
Need concentrated marketing examples?
Being one of the first car manufacturers to enter the hybrid market, Toyota used concentrated marketing strategies back in 2000.
The Prius was advertised to people who cared about green issues:
What about concentrated marketing resources?
32. Consumer marketing
What is consumer marketing?
Consumer marketing is straightforward: it’s marketing directly to consumers.
It’s the most common type of marketing… and it’s everywhere.
Need consumer marketing examples?
Take a look around.
Consumer marketing is online and offline. It’s in shops, in the street… even in public toilets:
What about consumer marketing resources?
33. Content marketing
What is content marketing?
Content marketing means creating and distributing content with the aim of driving positive action.
It’s a long-term strategy. Rather than focus on selling, content marketing must deliver value to the target audience first.
This enhances the brand perception and nourishes the relationship between the business and the consumer. Over time, this increases the chances of profiting.
Need content marketing examples?
The company Whole Foods Market made a clever move by creating an article on how to save money on a weekly shop.
Does it advertise any of their products?
No. But it was a useful and popular piece of content that kept their brand relevant:
What about content marketing resources?
34. Contextual marketing
What is contextual marketing?
Contextual marketing is the strategy of personalizing the online marketing content that a user sees, based on who they are and what they’re doing.
Need contextual marketing examples?
Two such contextual marketing techniques are SEO and retargeting.
The whole premise of search engine optimization is based on context. If a user fires up Google and enters a term, they should see relevant search results.
[And relevant adverts.]
Meanwhile, business that retarget people can follow users around the internet [and surface ads to them] without any direct contact.
For instance, suppose I’m looking to buy a new sofa and I go to a website that sells sofas.
If that company has retargeting set up, when I leave their site and go somewhere else, they can continue to show me sofa ads.
Contextual marketing allows brands to sell the right product to the right person at the right time.
Head to Fossil, and you’ll start to see watch adverts like the one below long after you’ve left their site:
What about contextual marketing resources?
35. Conversational marketing
What is conversational marketing?
Conversational marketing revolves around talking to people. Conversations that prioritize the consumer can focus on a product, service or particular pain point.
Those conversations allow brands to market themselves in a more meaningful, impactful manner.
It hinges on the belief that selling is easier when a business has a good relationship with their target audience.
Ultimately, consumers feel a need to be understood. So when we feel that we can talk directly with a brand, that’s a good thing.
Conversational marketing lends itself well to the modern business because of the two-way nature of the internet.
Need conversational marketing examples?
Conversations can be deep, comforting… or very simple:
What about conversational marketing resources?
36. Conversion rate marketing
What is conversion rate marketing?
Conversion rate marketing is any form of marketing that’s judged by how much money it makes [it’s conversion rate].
The advantage of conversion rate marketing is that it’s very honest.
The disadvantage of it is that doesn’t allow wiggle room for building relationships with a target audience.
Need conversion rate marketing examples?
The success of any PPC strategy depends on the conversion rate of the campaign in question.
Pretend I’m running a PPC campaign. Suppose it costs me $1 every time someone clicks on my link and that the price of my product is $100.
If my conversion rate is 5%, then for every $500 I spend, I know that I’m going to make $2,500 [a profit of $2,000].
But if the conversion rate is 1%, I make $500 and only break even.
Conversion rate marketing revolves around numbers and making sure that every campaign is as good as it can be so that you’re generating the possible best ROI.
What about conversion rate marketing resources?
37. Cooperative marketing
What is cooperative marketing?
Cooperative marketing happens when 2 or more companies team up to sell a product or service.
That collaboration could happen in a number of ways. Of course, multiple businesses may come up with an agreement to sell a product.
But also, cooperative marketing could be as simple as pooling resources [such as time, money, knowledge or expertise].
Need cooperative marketing examples?
Shopper marketing [number 136] can sometimes be considered to be a type of cooperative marketing.
Manufacturers know more about the products they make than the retailers who sell the item. So if they team up, a retailer may be able to market products more effectively.
What about cooperative marketing resources?
38. Corporate marketing
What is corporate marketing?
Corporate marketing is about marketing [and managing] brand perception.
Corporate marketing is more about a high level interpretation of a brand than it is about how an individual product or service is marketed.
Need corporate marketing examples?
Sky’s tagline and brand statement is corporate marketing in action:
What about corporate marketing resources?
39. Cross media marketing
What is cross media marketing?
Quite simply, cross media marketing refers to putting a marketing message in front of a customer in a variety of forms.
Usually, that means print, email, mobile and online.
The challenge for marketers is that we’re all inundated with advertising every day. People tune out to the majority of ads.
Cross media marketing aims is to continually catch customers and put a company’s name or product in front of them [without being annoying or invasive.]
Need cross media marketing examples?
Take a look at this image:
Scan the QR code and you’re probably going to be taken to a particular landing page. If you register, expect an offer of some sort.
After that, you’ll most likely be invited to join some sort of community [maybe a Facebook group], where you’ll receive more discounts.
What about cross media marketing resources?
40. Cultural marketing
What is cultural marketing?
Cultural marketing is marketing that’s specifically geared towards a particular culture or demographic.
This is the most effective type of marketing segmentation.
Cultural marketing is also known as diversity marketing [number 50] or ethnic marketing [number 56].
Need cultural marketing examples?
As a make-up business, L’Oreal’s range of products lends itself very well to cultural marketing:
What about cultural marketing resources?
41. Data marketing
What is data marketing?
Data marketing is using large sets of data to improve the accuracy and effectiveness of marketing campaigns.
It’s similar to database marketing [number 42], but data marketing puts a greater emphasis on behavioral patterns and trends.
Need data marketing examples?
Macy’s has real-time pricing on its website. It uses big data to adjust the prices of almost 73million products. The adjustments are made according to user behavior.
What about data marketing resources?
42. Database marketing
What is database marketing?
Database marketing is the process of collecting and analyzing customer information to implement marketing strategies that make money.
A business can use a database of customers [or potential customers] to segment their audience and create personalized marketing messages.
It’s a form of direct marketing [see number 47] that can be executed with any method.
Need database marketing examples?
I have a Sky TV subscription. More specifically, I have a Sky Sports subscription.
So, when Sky communicates with me, they know that there’s no point in surfacing Sky One adverts.
The information about me in whatever database they use tells them that I like sport. That means they can show me a more relevant ad:
What about database marketing resources?
What is de-marketing?
As strange as it might sound, businesses sometimes market certain offers and promotions to reduce demand or limit growth.
Normally, this happens in a retail environment.
[And there is a tactical reason why this happens; it’s not complete madness.]
A supermarket might heavily advertise an offer that’s only available on Saturdays, so as to avoid overcrowding on Sundays.
Need de-marketing examples?
Clothing company Patagonia made a short film called ‘Worn Wear’ that encouraged customers to fix their clothes rather than buy new ones.
On the surface, this would appear counterproductive. However, the beauty of this video is that it had the opposite effect.
Aside from showing integrity, the film differentiated and strengthened the Patagonia brand by highlighting how durable and long-lasting Patagonia clothes can be.
What about de-marketing resources?
44. Defensive marketing
What is defensive marketing?
Defensive marketing is any form of marketing that is designed to protect a company's position in a market.
Maybe a start-up needs to grow. Or an innovative business has developed an amazing product with a brilliant USP.
Perhaps a company has seen a new rival emerge.
Need defensive marketing examples?
For a long time, Sky TV had a monopoly on English football.
But when it was forced to hand over a selection of games to a rival broadcaster, it became necessary to tailor some of their marketing accordingly:
This is defensive marketing at its best.
The image above showcases the breadth of Sky’s sports coverage. If you were thinking of quitting Sky, the ad reaffirms just what you’re getting with Sky.
What about defensive marketing resources?
45. Differential marketing
What is differential marketing?
If a company decides to segment their audience and target their markets differently, they’ll use differential marketing.
Need differential marketing examples?
I worked for Sky for 11 years. And because Sky is a TV company, differential marketing is hugely important to them.
Some of the customers will want sports channels in their package; others will crave movies.
They can’t use the same marketing collateral for both audiences, because someone will miss out.
Instead, they’ll create different campaigns…
What about differential marketing resources?
46. Digital marketing
What is digital marketing?
Digital marketing is marketing that uses digital technology, such as websites, smartphones, tablets and display advertising.
Need digital marketing examples?
Take a look around the next time you take a train:
What about digital marketing resources?
47. Direct marketing
What is direct marketing?
Direct marketing is using a range of mediums to sell products or services directly to consumers [as opposed to selling via a retailer].
Need direct marketing examples?
Direct marketing takes place when you’re able to communicate one-to-one with a customer.
Typically, that might mean using one of the following techniques:
- Mail order catalogues
- Text messages
- TV and radio ads
- Newspaper and magazine adverts
This Guinness TV commercial is direct marketing in action:
What about direct marketing resources?
48. Direct mail marketing
What is direct mail marketing?
Direct mail marketing is communicating with audiences via flyers and letters through the post.
Companies will usually send marketing collateral to a particular demographic.
Need direct mail marketing examples?
If you’re like me, then you’ll be sick of getting direct mail about property:
What about direct mail marketing resources?
49. Disruptive marketing
What is disruptive marketing?
Disruptive marketing is all about finding a new and better angle for a product, either from adapting a marketing strategy, changing a product or creating something innovative.
Need disruptive marketing examples?
Apple and iTunes is the perfect example of a company spotting a problem within an industry, adapting and disruptive the status quo.
Apple understood that the music industry has always been extremely competitive. But they created an infrastructure when consumers bought music from them, not from shops.
It was the death of CDs [as well as the final nail in the coffin for cassettes and vinyl records].
What about disruptive marketing resources?
50. Diversity marketing
What is diversity marketing?
Diversity marketing is more commonly known as ethnic marketing.
It refers to acknowledging that consumers have diverse backgrounds and that by tailoring messaging, businesses can potentially make more sales.
Need diversity marketing examples?
Android embrace the concept of diversity wholly:
What about diversity marketing resources?
51. Door-to-door marketing
What is door-to-door marketing?
Door-to-door marketing is the technique for going from one person’s house to another, pitching a product or service.
Need door-to-door marketing examples?
Double-glazing is one of the commodities most commonly associated with door-to-door marketing.
What about door-to-door marketing resources?
52. Drip marketing
What is drip marketing?
Drip marketing is sending out a scheduled set of promotional emails to a mailing list [advertising a product or service].
It’s basically automated email marketing [number 54].
Need drip marketing examples?
Here’s how a drip marketing campaign might look:
What about drip marketing resources?
53. Ecommerce marketing
What is ecommerce marketing?
Ecommerce marketing is all about increasing awareness of an online store’s brand and inventory.
Ecommerce marketing can take place online and offline.
Need ecommerce marketing examples?
When one customer ordered bedding from online store Laura Ashley, they received an additional gift 2 days later:
What about ecommerce marketing resources?
54. Email marketing
What is email marketing?
Email marketing is marketing your brand to a group of prospects.
Businesses normally have a mailing list of clients and leads. Emails help establish and maintain relationships so that deals can be made.
Need email marketing examples?
Hubspot have over 300,000 people on their mailing list:
What about email marketing resources?
55. Entrepreneurial marketing
What is entrepreneurial marketing?
Entrepreneurial marketing is about sole individuals executing mainstream marketing strategies.
Entrepreneurial marketing is more about having a particular mindset than execute any particular strategy.
Starting a business is tough, so entrepreneurs need to try and get as much mileage out of their marketing as possible.
The need for entrepreneurial marketing is usually born out of necessity. Entrepreneurs don’t have the luxury of large marketing teams or huge budgets.
Instead, they must try to get the results they need with more innovative methods.
Need entrepreneurial marketing examples?
Some of the most inspirational entrepreneurs haven't always had easy, glamorous starts to their business lives.
Valued at around $82.5billion, Google is one of the most valuable companies around.
Nevertheless, founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin created and grew Google from a garage.
In the early days, Page and Brin were entrepreneurs who needed to market their idea well. As such, they used entrepreneurial marketing.
What about entrepreneurial resources?
56. Ethnic marketing
What is ethnic marketing?
Ethnic marketing stems from understanding that we’re not all the same.
In other words, we’re all individuals and marketing messages will work well with some people and communities, but not others [and vice versa].
But if a business can segment their audience, they can create bespoke marketing messages that are more effective.
It’s also known as cultural marketing [number 40] or diversity marketing [number 50].
Need ethnic marketing examples?
Colgate creates multiple products and approach markets differently:
What about ethnic marketing resources?
57. Evangelism marketing
What is evangelism marketing?
If a business can create customers who will voluntarily become brand advocates, it can execute evangelism marketing.
Getting a happy customer to talk about a brand is going to be extremely effective in establishing trust with prospective consumers.
Need evangelism marketing examples?
Apple has a seemingly endless supply of brand evangelists:
Whether we’re talking about iPads, iPhone or IPods, Apple has loads of fans that adore their gadgets…
… and help market all their products.
What about evangelism marketing resources?
58. Event marketing
What is event marketing?
Event marketing is when a business leverages an event to increase brand awareness and drive sales.
Need event marketing examples?
The annual Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City is the second-oldest Thanksgiving parade in the USA.
It’s been going since 1924 and US department store Macy’s have always presented it:
What about event marketing resources?
59. Expeditionary marketing
What is expeditionary marketing?
Expeditionary marketing describes the concept of marketing for growth.
It’s a form of risk taking. If a business wants to move into a new market, it should use expeditionary marketing to achieve its goals.
Need expeditionary marketing examples?
BT always used to be known as a telephony company. Nowadays, it’s involved in the broadband and TV markets too.
What about expeditionary marketing resources?
60. Experiential marketing
What is experiential marketing?
Experiential marketing is marketing a brand, product or service through some sort of immersive experience.
It’s a powerful and highly effective type of marketing because experiential events directly engage with people. Good experiences are memorable.
Need experiential marketing examples?
Red Bull is famous for pulling off amazing experiential marketing campaigns.
They enjoyed huge exposure with the ‘Red Bull Stratus’, a supersonic parachute jump made from space:
It was the world’s highest parachute jump and daredevil Felix Baumgartner passed the speed of sound. Now that's newsworthy.
What about experiential marketing resources?
61. Facebook marketing
What is Facebook marketing?
Facebook marketing is any form of marketing that takes place on the social media platform Facebook.
This form of marketing can be extremely lucrative because Facebook has around 1.79billion active users.
Need Facebook marketing examples?
Facebook marketing happens all day, every day.
What about Facebook marketing resources?
62. Field marketing
What is field marketing?
Field marketing is marketing face-to-face with prospective customers at a particular place.
It’s a direct marketing [number 47] discipline. It could mean distributing flyers to the general public at a shopping mall. But it might also be liaising with regular business clients at their head office.
Field marketing professionals will often find themselves specializing in a certain area [or ‘field’].
Need field marketing examples?
If you hand out flyers in the street, you’re field marketing.
What about field marketing resources?
63. Flanking marketing
What is flanking marketing?
Flanking marketing is marketing that aims to capture market segments that aren’t being well served by the existing competition.
The idea is that a business will spot an area of a marketing that seems to be of little importance to a rival. It’ll then market itself to try and displace the competition.
Flanking strategies are particularly useful if your business is struggling to compete against bigger companies.
Need flanking marketing examples?
Stewarts Garden Centre doesn’t just sell plants; they also have a café where you can grab a cup of Coffee or have a full-on lunch.
By creating the café, Stewarts is executing a form of flanking marketing. They feel that there is a need for food and drink in that environment that is being underserved.
What about flanking marketing resources?
64. Free sample marketing
What is free sample marketing?
Free sample marketing is about giving away a sample of a product, with the aim of selling all of it at a later date.
Need free sample marketing examples?
Free sample marketing often takes place in supermarkets:
What about free sample marketing resources?
65. Freebie marketing
What is freebie marketing?
Freebie marketing is the act of giving away a product or service [or selling it at a very low cost] to boost sales of something else.
Need freebie marketing examples?
If you’ve ever looked online for a takeaway pizza, you’ll have seen freebie marketing:
What about freebie marketing resources?
66. Geographic marketing [or geo-marketing]
What is geographic marketing?
Geo marketing involves incorporating geographical intelligence within a marketing campaign.
If a business knows through collecting data that the majority of the customers live in a particular city, it can market directly to them.
Because it’s based on facts and statistics, geographic marketing helps lower the risk of marketing campaigns failing.
Need geographic marketing examples?
If I ran a business that sold jet skis, geographical data will an enormous part in the success of my marketing strategies.
There would be little point in advertising my range of jet skis to people with no access to a beach or a stretch of water.
What about geographic marketing resources?
67. Global marketing
What is global marketing?
Global marketing is simply marketing something internationally.
Thanks to the wide reach of the internet, global marketing is no longer reserved for big corporations. It’s something you can do from home.
Need global marketing examples?
Many products are advertised all over the world. Cars, for instance:
What about global marketing resources?
68. Goods marketing
What is goods marketing?
Businesses use goods marketing to increase the sales of a physical product [not a service].
Marketing can generally be divided into 2 areas:
Goods marketing and services marketing [number 133 on this list].
Companies either sell products or services. As such, their marketing strategies change accordingly.
Need goods marketing examples?
Goods are marketed to us everywhere we go. Here’s some goods marketing from Tesco:
What about goods marketing resources?
69. Green marketing
What is green marketing?
Green marketing is using an environmentally friendly angle to promote a brand or product.
In today’s climate, if a product is deemed to be ‘green’, it gives the product owner a significant selling advantage.
But green marketing doesn’t just concern highlighting which products are eco friendly and which aren’t. Green marketing is also about brand positioning.
By being an environmentally friendly business, a company is display certain values that may influence consumers.
Need green marketing examples?
Referring to their carbon footprint, Sky has been carbon-free for over 10 years now.
What about green marketing resources?
70. Guerrilla marketing
What is guerrilla marketing?
Guerrilla marketing is marketing a brand, product or service in a creative and unconventional manner.
A successful guerrilla marketing campaign will be interesting, surprising and memorable.
Need guerrilla marketing examples?
In 2013, the film Carrie was re-released.
For those who aren’t aware of the film, it’s based on a book by Stephen King and is about a girl with scary telekinetic powers.
In a frightening, but effective piece of marketing to promote the film, this guerrilla marketing stunt caused one heck of a stir:
What about guerrilla marketing resources?
71. Horizontal marketing
What is horizontal marketing?
Horizontal marketing happens when a business teams up with another company that operates in a related niche to market a product or service.
By collaborating and pooling resources, the idea is to appeal to a wide audience and maximize earning potential.
Need horizontal marketing examples?
I’m a copywriter, so obviously I offer copywriting services.
Many web designers have trouble getting their clients to create content for their new sites.
In theory, I could offer my services. I could team up with a web designer to that we could market a more complete product: a new website, complete with copy.
Website design is a related niche, so that’s horizontal marketing:
What about horizontal marketing resources?
72. Humanistic marketing
What is humanistic marketing?
Humanistic marketing is marketing that appeals to the typical human needs for certain values and feelings.
In other words, marketing that targets our desire for love, altruism, knowledge, compassion, honesty, integrity, empathy, respect, trust and justice.
Need humanistic marketing examples?
Marmite has a consistent brand message that we’ll either love their product or hate it.
What about humanistic marketing resources?
73. Inbound marketing
What is inbound marketing?
Inbound marketing focuses on customers who find you, not the other way round.
The main inbound marketing strategy is SEO.
If you rank highly in a search result for a commercially valuable keyword, you attract traffic [and potential leads] to your website.
They’ve found you. Any subsequent marketing is inbound marketing.
Inbound marketing is the opposite of outbound marketing [number 103].
Need inbound marketing examples?
Our article on storytelling hit page one of Google in the UK for the keyword “corporate storytelling” in under 4 weeks:
It’s a keyword that gets searched for 140 times a month in the UK.
Anyone searching for that term, hitting up our website and reading that article is the target of our inbound marketing.
What about inbound marketing resources?
74. Influencer marketing
What is influencer marketing?
Influencer marketing is the concept of marketing something to a specific person, someone who has a degree of influence over a certain audience.
That person is normally a market leader, or someone with a particular influence over a market.
An influencer could be a celebrity, a person with a strong track record in sales, a well-known author or someone with a lot of Twitter followers.
By establishing a relationship with an influencer, it’s possible to leverage their positioning and grow your brand quickly.
Need influencer marketing examples?
For copy and content tips, Copyblogger is one of the most respected websites around.
Jon Morrow used to be the editor of Copyblogger and a while ago, he tweeted out a link to a blog post that I wrote:
Jon Morrow is an influencer and by leveraging his audience, my article was able to reach new people.
What about influencer marketing resources?
75. Informational marketing
What is informational marketing?
Informational marketing explains exactly what a product or service is.
From what the benefits are and why it should be chosen over something else through to where you can buy it, informational marketing leaves no stone unturned.
Informational marketing means understanding that a target audience may have to be educated about a product or service if they are to buy it.
Informational marketing isn’t really in vogue at the moment. The trend is to use simpler, more emotional marketing.
Need informational marketing examples?
Informational marketing is usually used to help advertise products that have a lot of specifications, like cars:
What about informational marketing resources?
76. In-game marketing
What is in-game marketing?
In-game marketing is the tactic of advertising something inside a game.
Games consoles and games on apps are all the rage these days, so businesses can get pretty creative with where they place static ads and promotional videos.
The great thing about marketing a product within a game is that you can pretty much guarantee you’ll get eyes on your ad.
The trick is to marry up the right ad with the appropriate audience.
Need in-game marketing examples?
Zombie game + McDonald’s advert = in-game marketing…
What about in-game marketing resources?
77. Industrial marketing
What is industrial marketing?
Industrial marketing happens when one business tries to sell industrial products or services to another.
For clarity, an industrial product or service is anything that helps produce an end product from raw materials.
It’s a form of B2B marketing [number 15], but because of the nature of what’s being sold, an industrial marketing campaign requires a high level of product knowledge.
Need industrial marketing examples?
Here’s an old school advert:
What about industrial marketing resources?
78. In-store marketing
What is in-store marketing?
In-store marketing is any marketing that takes place in a retail shop.
It’s another name for shopper marketing [number 136].
Need in-store marketing examples?
I’m sure you’re well used to seeing in-store marketing:
What about in-store marketing resources?
79. Integrated marketing
What is integrated marketing?
Integrated marketing is the strategy of trying to create a seamless experience for a consumer, no matter how they’re interacting with a brand.
In other words, no business should have a website that looks a certain way and a marketing campaign that feels like it belongs somewhere else.
To that end, integrated marketing is more of a philosophy than a tactic.
Need integrated marketing examples?
Google is a company that offers a very integrated experience.
When you think about it, Google has several different features. There’s gmail, Google+, Adwords, YouTube…
… but, when you try to log in to Google, their message is clear:
What about integrated marketing resources?
80. Interactive marketing
What is interactive marketing?
Interactive marketing is any form of marketing that can be triggered when someone performs a particular action.
Need interactive marketing examples?
Search engine optimization is the clearest example of interactive marketing in action.
SEO is all done in real-time. Someone enters a keyword and gets a string of results. If they enter the term ‘copywriters’, they see this:
That’s interactive marketing hard at work.
What about interactive marketing resources?
81. International marketing
What is international marketing?
International marketing is, as you’d imagine, marketing a product or service in multiple countries.
Some products or services are only designed to be sold locally, but others can be marketed anywhere.
It’s another name for global marketing [number 67].
Need international marketing examples?
Red Bull do such an amazing job with their international marketing, that it’s easy to forget that they’re an Austrian company.
What about international marketing resources?
82. Internet marketing
What is internet marketing?
Internet marketing is any marketing that takes place online.
It’s the opposite of offline marketing [number 99].
It’s quite a broad term, since it covers a wide range of marketing practices, such as content marketing, SEO, PPC and email marketing.
For clarity, internet marketing is the same thing as online marketing [number 101].
Need internet marketing examples?
This home page isn’t messing around. It knows full well what it wants to sell… and how:
What about internet marketing resources?
83. Left-brain marketing
What is left-brain marketing?
Left-brain marketing is marketing that appeals to a practical audience.
Science tells us that right-brained people are creative, whilst left-brainers are more methodical.
Left-brain marketing values organization over creativity.
Need left-brain marketing examples?
Over the years, Ronseal’s no-nonsense adverts have always appealed to the straight-talking consumer.
Their ‘does what it says on the tin’ tagline is the stuff of marketing legend:
What about left-brain marketing resources?
84. Local marketing
What is local marketing?
Quite simply, local marketing is the strategy of marketing something to a nearby audience.
It’s an approach that’s most commonly used by a bricks and mortar shop or restaurant.
Need local marketing examples?
When a local restaurant posts a leaflet through your letter box, that’s local marketing:
What about local marketing resources?
85. Long tail marketing
What is long tail marketing?
Long tail marketing refers to the strategy of targeting a large number of niche markets with a product or service.
It’s mainly used by businesses that are dominated by a huge market leader.
Facing a battle to grow, a company can shift their focus to multiple niche markets that have less demand.
That might sound counterintuitive, since those low demand markets won’t be as lucrative individually, but they might be when their total reach is combined.
Need long tail marketing examples?
Most of us have shopped on Amazon, I’m sure. And you will have been recommended products.
That’s long tail marketing.
I’ve been recommended products that are a little tenuous and have no real relation to anything I’ve bought…
… but, nevertheless it’s an example of Amazon attacking multiple niches.
What about long tail marketing resources?
87. Loyalty marketing
What is loyalty marketing?
Loyalty marketing is marketing that concentrates on retaining customers through offering various incentives.
The logic of loyalty marketing hinges on the belief that the cost of acquiring new customers is far more that the price of keeping an existing one.
Need loyalty marketing examples?
Just check out all the loyalty cards out there. By giving out their clubcards, Tesco can tempt customers back in by offering relevant discounts:
What about loyalty marketing resources?
88. Mass marketing
What is mass marketing?
Mass marketing is marketing with the intention of selling something to as many people as possible.
There’s no requirement for building relationships or bespoke messaging; the focus is on volume sales.
Some companies are able to execute marketing strategies that are relevant to a wide audience. In reality, for most businesses, mass marketing will only serve to generate lots of low quality leads.
Another name for mass marketing is shotgun marketing [number 137].
Need mass marketing examples?
Walmart is probably the most successful mass-market retailer in the world. Yet their marketing often feels more personal than it really is.
What about mass marketing resources?
88. Mega marketing
What is mega marketing?
Mega marketing is a marketing activity that’s designed to influence a third party power, one that can hugely impact a company’s revenue.
Such third parties could be:
- The government
- The media
- Pressure groups
- Policy holders
It’s a non-consumer strategy that helps business growth.
Need mega marketing examples?
Heathrow has been asking for permission to build a third runway in the UK for years.
Because of noise pollution, air quality, traffic congestion and public relocation issues, they’ve faced opposition at every hurdle.
But Heathrow has been steadily campaigning over time, championing what a third runway would do the British economy.
Their marketing efforts appear to have paid off. In October 2016, the UK government finally approved a third runway at Heathrow.
What about mega marketing resources?
89. Mobile marketing
What is mobile marketing?
Mobile marketing is any marketing that’s specifically designed for mobile consumption.
Mobile advertising is incredibly important in today’s world, since we carry and use our smartphones constantly.
Potential customers have never been so accessible.
According to research, 70% of the entire population of the world owns a smartphone…
… and 70% of those people choose to access the internet on their mobile rather than by using a laptop or desktop computer.
Need mobile marketing examples?
For mobile marketing to be effect effective, the images and fonts must be the right size.
Look at this smooth example from Coca-Cola:
What about mobile marketing resources?
90. Multi-level marketing [MLM]
What is multi-level marketing?
Multi-level marketing is a way of making money through selling products to consumers and by recruiting other people to do the same.
Also called network marketing [number 94], multi-level marketing is more of a business model than a marketing strategy.
The aim is to create two revenue streams. Ideally, profits are generated through straightforward product sales, but also via a network of people in your team that are doing the same.
[Team members get different a different % of the revenue depending on which level they’re at, but they can create their own teams too.]
Need multi-level marketing examples?
Arbonne is one of the most ethical and established multi-level marketing companies around.
What about multi-level marketing resources?
91. Network marketing
What is network marketing?
Network marketing is a marketing strategy that aims to generate revenue from selling goods to customers, but also by building a team of people under you who will do the same.
Network marketing is another name for multi-level marketing [number 90].
Need network marketing examples?
Some of the most well known network marketing companies are Forever Living, HerbaLife and Juice Plus. One of the oldest is Avon.
What about network marketing resources?
What is neuromarketing?
Neuromarketing is the study of how our brains react to different forms of marketing [with a view to making marketing more effective].
Need neuromarketing examples?
In winning the US Presidential election, Donald Trump surprised many people.
But in reality, should we be that shocked?
After all, he did a masterful job of manipulating the emotions of the American votes, particularly by scaremongering about their economic futures.
They’re response was to vote for him.
What about neuromarketing resources?
93. New media marketing
What is new media marketing?
New media marketing is marketing through the latest mediums.
Whether we’re talking about online trends, social media or digital advertising, new media marketing embraces technology.
Need new media marketing examples?
Many businesses are using innovative things like virtual reality to increase brand awareness.
What about new media marketing resources?
94. Newsletter marketing
What is newsletter marketing?
Newsletter marketing is promoting your company through emails.
Whether you call it newsletter marketing or email marketing [number 54] is just semantics.
Need newsletter marketing examples?
We ask that anyone interested in SEO or content marketing signs up to receive our email newsletter:
We’ll then email subscribers tips, tricks and offers.
What about newsletter marketing resources?
95. Next-best-action marketing
What is next-best-action marketing?
Next-best-action marketing is about being able to offer a relevant product or service to a customer if they’ve already said no to something else.
The point is, we’ve all passed up on a deal only to be offered something identical further down the line.
If we’ve said no once, has something changed now?
No, probably not.
So businesses that repeatedly advertise the same things in the same way are wasting everyone’s time.
Next-best-action marketing aims to resolve this issue. By intelligently building on the information available, some companies can offer something more apt.
Need next-best-action marketing examples?
Imagine you’ve just bought a new washing machine.
The retailer offers you insurance, but you say no. It’s too expensive and if anything does go wrong, it’s the same price to buy a replacement.
If that shop contacts you in 6 month’s time and asks if you’d like to buy insurance, the answer would still be no.
But suppose they offered a cheap tune-up service?
That’s completely different.
It’s the next best thing… and the retailer still makes money.
What about next-best-action marketing resources?
96. Niche marketing
What is niche marketing?
Companies use niche marketing when they spot a gap in the market for a product or service that would only apply to a particular audience.
A good product in a niche market can often make more money than an average one in a mass market.
Need niche marketing examples?
By specializing in selling clothes for large men, Jacamo have identified a niche market:
What about niche marketing resources?
97. Non-traditional marketing
What is non-traditional marketing?
Non-traditional marketing is about being daring to be different with your marketing strategies.
This approach is risky, but can pay off.
Need non-traditional marketing examples?
To illustrate the difference that Nivea products can make to your skin, Nivea created a very unique sofa and put it in a variety of shopping centres.
What about non-traditional marketing resources?
98. Offensive marketing
What is offensive marketing?
Offensive marketing happens when a brand attacks the weaknesses of a competitor whilst highlighting their own strengths.
Of course, companies can’t really call out specific rivals, so they usually do it in a roundabout way [where it’s still pretty obvious who they’re referring to].
Need offensive marketing examples?
There’s a great example of offensive marketing in an image I used in my blog post on generating blog content ideas.
Last year, when Leicester were top of the Barclays Premier League, I saw this Virgin ad at a bus stop:
It’s a clear dig at the perceived value of Sky Sports and BT Sport.
What about offensive marketing resources?
99. Offline marketing
What is offline marketing?
Offline marketing is marketing that happens away from the internet, stuff like could be talking about television commercials, billboards, radio ads, flyers or newspaper pullouts.
Need offline marketing examples?
Here's Carlsberg displaying their usual wit:
What about offline marketing resources?
100. One-to-one marketing
What is one-to-one marketing?
One-to-one marketing is marketing that interacts directly and independently with a customer.
Businesses who use one-to-one marketing believe that bespoke, personalized marketing messages are more likely to foster greater customer loyalty.
Need one-to-one marketing examples?
Those of us who have a supermarket loyalty card will get offers and vouchers through the post.
But they’re not just any old offers…
… they’re offers that are related to the things we usually buy from that store [they know what we buy because they collect the data].
That’s personal, one-to-one marketing.
What about one-to-one marketing resources?
101. Online marketing
What is online marketing?
Online marketing is any marketing that takes place online. From emails to websites, social media to press releases, it’s all online marketing.
Online marketing is the same thing as internet marketing [number 82].
Need online marketing examples?
When I send out tweets advertising my Stealth Marketing System, that’s online marketing:
What about online marketing resources?
102. Organization marketing
What is organization marketing?
This marketing discipline exists to create, maintain or change a public opinion of an organization.
Need organization marketing examples?
The Salvation Army in South Africa was behind some brilliant organization marketing.
A while back, you may remember a photo of a dress that went viral. An optical illusion, people saw the dress in 2 ways: it was either gold and white or black and blue.
During the hysteria, the Salvation Army used the photo and added a clever twist to raise awareness of domestic violence against women.
What about organization marketing resources?
103. Outbound marketing
What is outbound marketing?
Outbound marketing promotes a product or service to people who weren’t looking to buy anything.
Outbound marketing is the opposite of inbound marketing [number 73].
Need outbound marketing examples?
A billboard is a good example of outbound marketing.
If I’m driving along in my car and I see this:
It puts food into my mind, regardless of whether I’m hungry or not.
What about outbound marketing resources?
104. Outdoor marketing
What is outdoor marketing?
Outdoor marketing is marketing that takes place outside.
Need outdoor marketing examples?
A lot of marketing takes place outdoors. There’s billboards, bus stop posters, car stickers, digital advertising, shop signs…
What about outdoor marketing resources?
105. Out-of-home marketing
What is out-of-home marketing?
Out-of-home marketing is advertising that’s specifically designed to reach customers when they’re not at home.
It’s another name for outdoor marketing [number 104].
Need out-of-home marketing examples?
What about KitKat’s cool idea for a bench:
What about out-of-home marketing resources?
106. Partnership marketing
What is partnership marketing?
Partnership marketing is about collaborating with a person or business because they have a relationship with an area of a market that you’re interested in selling to.
By partnering with somebody, you’re able to introduce your brand to a new audience.
Need partnership marketing examples?
A while ago, Apple hooked up with Starbucks.
The deal is pretty simple. Starbucks offer free WiFi to their customers. Apple has iTunes. So what do they do?
Apple gives Starbucks customers free access to iTunes music.
What about partnership marketing resources?
107. Performance marketing
What is performance marketing?
Performance marketing is digital marketing that only costs businesses money when it delivers a tangible result.
Depending on what a company wants to measure, performance marketing is judged on the number of sales, leads, clicks and impressions.
Need performance marketing examples?
PPC advertising is the very personification of performance marketing.
Businesses place adverts on the internet. The most clicks the ad gets, the more they pay.
What about performance marketing resources?
108. Permission marketing
What is permission marketing?
Permission marketing is selling goods and services to someone who has specifically agreed [in advance] to receive marketing information.
Businesses will clearly be able to sell more things to people who are open to be sold to, but the issue with permission marketing is one of scalability.
Need permission marketing examples?
Many digital businesses today use lead magnets. They offer something of value in return for a prospect’s email address.
In the main, prospects know full well that handing over an email address means that they’re opting in to receiving marketing information.
What about permission marketing resources?
109. Person marketing
What is person marketing?
The goal of person marketing is to create, maintain or change a public opinion of someone.
In particular, this strategy is used to promote celebrities, politicians and sports personalities.
Need some person marketing examples?
What about this pretty epic dedication to the cause from Barack Obama?
What about person marketing resources?
110. Personalized marketing
What is personalized marketing?
Just as it sounds, personalized marketing revolves around creating bespoke messages for customers.
The logic being, the more relevant a business can be to a person, the greater the chance of selling.
There’s no doubt that personalized marketing is incredibly effective; the issue with it is one of scalability.
Need personalized marketing examples?
Facebook uses personalized marketing.
From our activities, Facebook learns about the stuff we like and the things we’re interested in.
For instance, after a few years on the platform, Facebook knows that I like sport, business, SEO, content marketing and… Nintendo games consoles.
That’s why I see ads like this on my timeline:
Pretty powerful, eh?
Now consider that Facebook uses personalized marketing for each of their 1.79billion active users.
What about personalized marketing resources?
111. Persuasion marketing
What is persuasion marketing?
Persuasion marketing is marketing that uses what we know about human psychology to manipulate how we feel about stuff.
As a business, it’s very easy to churn out marketing schtick without any real appreciation of selling.
Ultimately, no matter what the industry, people buy from people. Marketing that accurately grasps how humans think is more likely to work.
Need persuasion marketing examples?
A company that prices something at £9.99 is using persuasion marketing.
The perception is that a product at this price costs under £10, so we’re more likely to buy it on impulse. In reality, it's only a penny less.
What about persuasion marketing resources?
112. Place marketing
What is place marketing?
Place marketing to create, maintain or change a public opinion of a place.
Need place marketing examples?
Place marketing is really common. You’ll find it everywhere. For obvious reasons, it’s particularly prevalent in the travel industry.
What about place marketing resources?
113. Point-of-sale marketing
What is point-of-sale marketing?
Point-of-sale marketing is the strategy of increasing sales at the precise time that someone buys something.
Point-of-sale marketing takes place by or near a till. It requires signage, merchandise displays and a good offer.
Need point-of-sale marketing examples?
The products offered at the point-of-sale are usually things that shop owners will hope would be an impulse buy:
What about point-of-sale marketing resources?
114. Post-click marketing
What is post-click marketing?
Post-click marketing is marketing that engages website visitors after they’ve clicked on an online advertisement.
Digital marketers are obsessed with how many clicks they can generate. It’s the metric that even the top advertisers love to measure.
But because everyone puts so much emphasis on how to generate traffic, many businesses fail to make the most of their leads once they get them.
Post-click marketing aims to put that right. To put it bluntly, the goal of post-click marketing is to maximize ROI.
Need post-click marketing examples?
Post-click marketing lives or dies by a company’s ability to understand its audience.
By creating an accurate customer persona, a business will make it far easier to turn a browser into a buyer.
With knowledge comes power. All the elements will fall into place: copy, design, offers… everything.
What about post-click marketing resources?
115. Pay-per-click [PPC] marketing
What is PPC marketing?
PPC marketing is the strategy of paying for website traffic.
A company can place ads and only pay for them once someone has clicked on the ad and gone through to the website in question.
The price of the click will depend on how competitive the subject matter is.
PPC marketing is a type of internet marketing [number 82].
It can be a useful strategy for website owners who don’t have the time or expertise to market their brand organically.
The problem with PPC is that it can be extremely expensive. Plus, if your post-click marketing [number 114] isn’t up to scratch, your ROI can be terrible.
Need PPC marketing examples?
Facebook and search engine ads are the most popular forms of PPC marketing.
Just enter a keyword into Google and you’ll surely come across an ad or two:
What about PPC resources?
116. PR marketing
What is PR marketing?
PR marketing is working with the media in order to increase brand or product awareness.
Need PR marketing examples?
Apple always made a big deal out of every product launch. Here’s Steve Jobs announcing the iPhone at MacWorld in 2007:
What about PR marketing resources?
117. Product marketing
What is product marketing?
Product marketing is a type of marketing that tries to drive demand and usage of a product.
It’s quite a broad term.
For some people, it means marketing product features effectively.
Equally, for others, product marketing is also about analyzing the competitive landscape in a market.
Need product marketing examples?
Of course, if you’re clever, it’s possible to communicate product features and industry USPs simultaneously:
What about product marketing resources?
118. Promotional marketing
What is promotional marketing?
Promotional marketing aims to give customers an extra reason for purchasing a product or service.
Typical promotional marketing strategies would include contests, giveaways, discounts and samples.
Need promotional marketing examples?
Black Friday is a global example of promotional marketing:
What about promotional marketing strategies?
119. Proximity marketing
What is proximity marketing?
Proximity marketing takes place when businesses are able to communicate with consumers when they’re on the go.
It utilizes location technology [like Bluetooth or WiFi] and allows companies to connect with the public if they have a portable device [like a smartphone].
Proximity marketing is often effective because it helps businesses deliver more relevant advertising.
Need proximity marketing examples?
Macy’s deliver personalized deals, recommendations and rewards to customers when they’re in a store [assuming they’ve opted in and agreed to this].
What about proximity marketing resources?
120. Pull marketing
What is pull marketing?
Pull marketing is any form of marketing that generates leads in a non-intrusive way.
It’s the opposite of push marketing [number 121].
Need pull marketing examples?
Creating a Facebook group and delivering useful content to that community for free is a form of pull marketing.
What about pull marketing resources?
121. Push marketing
What is push marketing?
Push marketing is an aggressive, intrusive marketing strategy that pushes a product or service onto an audience who may not have been aware of it previously.
It’s the opposite of pull marketing [number 120].
Need push marketing examples?
You’ll see push marketing campaigns whenever a brand has created a new product line:
What about push marketing resources?
122. Real-time marketing
What is real-time marketing?
Real-time marketing is any marketing strategy that uses up-to-date information.
You can’t plan real-time marketing. Instead, a real-time marketing strategy must be focused on current trends.
Need real-time marketing examples?
An exit intent pop-up on a website is a good example.
Pop-ups exist to capture information about a prospective customer, such as a phone number or email address.
Businesses then use that information to market stuff.
An exit intent pop-up is a pop-up that surfaces when a website visitor appears to be leaving a website [maybe their cursor is hovering near a close button].
Something of value is marketed to a user because of their behavior on a website. They’re just about to leave so, in real-time, one more marketing effort is made.
What about real-time marketing resources?
123. Referral marketing
What is referral marketing?
Referral marketing is using an existing customer to bring in new customers.
Also known as word-of-mouth marketing [number 158], referral marketing is extremely powerful, but success hard to predict.
Need referral marketing examples?
Here’s referral marketing in action:
Yesware is a SaaS company and there are 2 reasons why this is a great example of referral marketing.
Firstly, the reward for the person doing the referring is both relevant and valuable.
Secondly, the referral message is pre-populated, meaning that all the hard work has been done. Yesware make it as easy as possible to refer them.
What about referral marketing resources?
124. Relationship marketing
What is relationship marketing?
Relationship marketing is about establishing, maintaining and nurturing relationships with consumers.
It’s a long-term play that focuses on customer loyalty and engagement, rather than acquisition.
The logic behind relationship marketing is that it will deliver repeat customers who will generate more revenue than a one-off sale.
It also works because common sense dictates that it costs more to acquire new customers than it does to keep the ones you’ve got happy.
Need relationship marketing examples?
Do you get vouchers from your local supermarket?
Or emails from a company on your birthday?
That’s relationship marketing.
What about relationship marketing resources?
What is remarketing?
Remarketing helps businesses communicate with people who have previously visited a website.
It’s powerful because if someone has been on a website before, they’re predisposed to that brand. In other words, they’re warm prospects.
Need remarketing examples?
When you’re running a Facebook ad campaign, you can choose to show ads to people who have visited your website in the last 180 days.
What about remarketing resources?
127. Reply marketing
What is reply marketing?
Reply marketing is marketing that prompts people to respond quickly if they want to take advantage of an offer.
Need reply marketing examples?
How many times have you been asked to ‘buy soon’, ‘download now’ or ‘hurry up’?
What about reply marketing resources?
128. Retail marketing
What is retail marketing?
Retail marketing is the promotion of goods and services in a retail environment.
It’s a very broad term that covers branding, pricing, packaging and promotions. Retail marketing is another name for shopper marketing [number 136].
Need retail marketing examples?
When you’re offered 2 items for the price of 1, that’s retail marketing.
What about retail marketing resources?
128. Reverse marketing
What is reverse marketing?
Rather than actively promoting a specific brand, product or service, reverse marketing aims to encourage people to seek out a business, product or service of their own accord.
In other words, reverse marketing doesn’t exist to convince someone to buy something. Instead, it causes intrigue and attracts interest.
Need reverse marketing examples?
Clothing company Patagonia created a clever reverse marketing strategy in 2011:
What about reverse marketing resources?
129. Scarcity marketing
What is scarcity marketing?
Scarcity marketing is marketing that capitalizes on a customer’s fear of missing out on something.
It’s based on the psychological principle that people want what is difficult to acquire.
Stores always have sales that are ‘ending soon’. Or they offer discounts that expire on a certain date.
Some only create a limited range of products. Have you ever seen a sign saying ‘hurry while stocks last’?
Need scarcity marketing examples?
When you’re booking a train ticket from Bournemouth to London, you can see how many tickets are left:
This is scarcity marketing. Noticed how the copy is in red – it really stands out. Plus, red stands for danger.
This is a warning: if I don’t book soon, I may miss out…
What about scarcity marketing resources?
130. Scientific marketing
What is scientific marketing?
Scientific marketing is the discipline of improving ROI by analyzing and testing market data and statistics.
Need scientific marketing examples?
Market research is a form of scientific marketing.
Suppose I was launching a new drink.
If I conducted market research, then the more information I gathered, the more likely I am to be able to create a marketing strategy that resonates with my target audience.
What about scientific marketing resources?
131. Seasonal marketing
What is seasonal marketing?
Season marketing is marketing products or services at certain points of the year.
That could be Christmas, Easter or Thanksgiving, but seasonal marketing doesn’t have to coincide with an ‘official’ event.
Many businesses will flourish at certain points in the year and struggle at others.
[We don’t buy sun lotion during the winter, right?]
Need seasonal marketing examples?
For florists, seasonal marketing is incredibly important. Take Valentine’s Day, for instance:
What about seasonal marketing resources?
132. Search marketing
What is search marketing?
Search marketing is generating traffic and leads from appearing in search engine results. Search marketing can either use free or paid strategies.
Search marketing tactics won’t cost a thing if you implement search engine optimization [or SEO] techniques.
The alternative is to pay search engines to advertise in potentially lucrative positions online.
Need search marketing examples?
For an organic example, you can see from the image below that we [Splash Copywriters] rank highly on page one for the keyword “copywriters’:
This visibility gives us the opportunity to attract potential leads that are looking to hire a copywriter.
Here is what an ad on page one looks like:
What about search marketing resources?
What is self-marketing?
Self-marketing is the process of promoting a person rather than a product.
It’s effective because leads are more likely to buy from a person that they know and trust than from a faceless brand.
Need self-marketing examples?
Sir Richard Branson is well known for outlandish marketing stunts, but he’s been incredibly successful at marketing himself.
What about self-marketing resources?
134. Services marketing
What is services marketing?
Marketing is divided into 2 areas:
Good marketing [number 68] and services marketing.
Basically, services marketing is any marketing technique that’s applied in a service-based industry.
But the term ‘service’ is pretty broad. By service industry, I mean any place where a service is offered from one party to another.
That could be anything from banking, accountancy and retail, through to search engine optimization, copywriting and advertising.
Need services marketing examples?
Here’s an advert for an accountancy firm:
What about services marketing resources?
135. Shadow marketing
What is shadow marketing?
Shadow marketing is the act of cutting corners with your marketing because, for one reason or another, you can’t execute your campaign properly.
If you can’t spare the time to make a brochure look nice, you might have to rush the job.
Perhaps you don’t have access to adequate resources, so instead of including stylish artwork in your brochure, you use low quality stock images.
Maybe you have to resort to more underhand tactics. If you’ve seen a nice brochure online, could you just copy that?
Regardless, shadow marketing is still something you hope won’t come back to bite you.
Need shadow marketing examples?
It’s always nice when someone calls me up and asks me to pitch for a big project.
But if the deadline for submitting the pitch is in 2 hours’ time, that’s going to have an impact on the quality of the application.
[However, that won’t stop me from giving it a go.]
What about shadow marketing resources?
136. Shopper marketing
What is shopper marketing?
Shopper marketing is the art of promoting goods or services in a retail environment.
It’s the same as retail marketing [number 127].
Need shopper marketing examples?
Shopper marketing is designed to influence consumers at every level. Suppose you were looking to buy a new car, you went to a garage and saw this:
What about shopper marketing resources?
137. Shotgun marketing
What is shotgun marketing?
Shotgun marketing is the theory of marketing to as many people as possible.
It’s another term for mass marketing [number 87]. Shotgun marketing usually attracts a large number of leads, but they’re usually of a lower quality.
Need shotgun marketing examples?
Let’s say that I ran a competition where I gave away a free iPad in exchange for signing up to receive SEO tips.
I may get 1,000s of entries…
… but the majority will just be people who want to win a free iPad.
They probably won’t have any interest in SEO and will probably unsubscribe immediately.
That’s a poor result for me. I will have paid for the iPad and the cost of advertising the competition, but I’ll have little to show for it.
What about shotgun marketing resources?
138. Social marketing
What is social marketing?
Social marketing is marketing activities that intend to influence people to take actions that will benefit both themselves and the communities they live in.
Need social marketing examples?
You might see a social marketing campaign that’s designed to stop smoking in a particular area, to raise money for a cause, or to campaign for a law change.
What about social marketing resources?
139. Social media marketing
What is social media marketing?
As you’d probably expect, social media marketing is marketing your business through one or more social media platforms.
For some businesses, that might mean actually advertising products or services on social media. But for others, it could be more about generating traffic and brand awareness.
Need social media marketing examples?
Then what about this video of a skateboarding cat from adventure camera company GoPro:
With over 4million views on YouTube, the video went viral.
By combining a cute cat doing something odd and entertaining, the video had all the key ingredients needed for a successful social media marketing campaign.
What about social media marketing resources?
140. Sports marketing
What is sports marketing?
A sports marketing campaign revolves around using a sports event or team to promote a product or service.
Many sports have a massive global appeal, which can in turn have an impact on sales.
Need sports marketing examples?
Stella Artois sponsored the tennis tournament at Queen’s Club for 30 years:
What about sports marketing resources?
141. Stealth marketing
What is stealth marketing?
Stealth marketing is advertising something to a person, without them realizing they’re being marketed to.
It’s a low cost strategy that can be really valuable to a business, but the issue with stealth marketing is one of ethics.
When is it okay to market to someone and when isn’t it?
Need stealth marketing examples?
Product placement is stealth marketing.
If you’re watching something on TV and you see a branded product sneakily placed in the background, that’s a form of advert.
What about stealth marketing resources?
142. Street marketing
What is street marketing?
Street marketing is all about advertising products in unconventional ways in public places.
It’s a great way of capturing attention and enhancing a brand image.
Need street marketing examples?
The perception of street marketing is that it’s an advertising technique for small, cool companies. But actually, huge brands recognize the value of it too:
What about street marketing resources?
143. Synchro marketing
What is synchro marketing?
Synchro marketing is the art of offering some sort of offer or pricing promotion in industries that don’t see steady sales all year round.
Take a company who sells swimming pools, for instance.
During the winter, a swimming pool firm won’t sell many products. However, come the summer, they do. In fact, they’ll be inundated.
Irregular demand is an issue for every business, because it’s hard to predict revenue. Synchro marketing helps create demand during off-seasons, thus balancing the books a little.
Need synchro marketing examples?
Butlins offer a huge discount to holidaymakers that book their next break at Butlins before they their current holiday ends.
From their point of view, they’re preaching to the converted.
And if Butlins can sell holidays for next summer a year in advance, they don’t have to worry about the winter months.
What about synchro marketing resources?
144. Targeted marketing
What is targeted marketing?
Targeted marketing is marketing that’s extremely focused on a well-defined audience.
The success of a targeted marketing campaign is highly dependent on being able to reach those potential customers.
Need targeted marketing examples?
A beautician who specialized in manicures could advertise their services in a shopping mall.
Shoppers in a retail environment will be good targets.
What about targeted marketing resources?
145. Technical marketing
What is technical marketing?
Technical marketing is marketing that focuses on the key specifications and features of a product.
Normally, marketing should avoid the use of jargon or inside information. But crucially, technical marketing is designed to appeal to people with a basic technical appreciation of a product
Need technical marketing examples?
Technical marketing is used when a basic and general overview of a product wouldn’t impress the target market.
For instance, someone buying an expensive TV may well be comfortable with technical information about picture resolution, pixel density and processing rates:
What about technical marketing resources?
What is telemarketing?
Telemarketing is cold calling people and marketing something to them.
It’s a form of direct marketing [number 47]. In general, most people don’t like getting cold-called, so it’s a difficult marketing discipline to master.
Need telemarketing examples?
Many businesses like to cold call.
A while back, cold calls were all about double-glazing. Now they’re about PPI claims, personal injuries or pension reviews.
What about telemarketing resources?
147. Test-driven marketing
What is test-driven marketing?
Test-driven marketing is all about using test results to convince consumers to buy a product or invest in a service.
The idea is that a business should attempt to identify potential objections about a product or service.
Then they should run tests and use various proof elements to clarify product features and USPs. In turn, this should increase sales.
Need test-driven marketing examples?
Any sales page that features a large selection of FAQs indicates that a product has been tested thoroughly. The FAQs are the results of these tests.
The copy in an FAQ section is test-driven marketing.
What about test-driven marketing resources?
148. Time marketing
What is time marketing?
Time marketing involves marketing something at a certain time or within a particular time frame.
Want to increase your ROI? Many products sink or swim depending on when a business decides to advertise them.
A time marketing campaign might just revolve around using common sense, or it could use the results from time research.
Need time marketing examples?
You can witness the most basic form of time marketing on social media.
Suppose a business has a Twitter account and a customer tweets to ask whether they stock a certain item.
If the company takes a week to respond, the opportunity is gone.
A response is needed quickly.
What about time marketing resources?
149. Trade marketing
What is trade marketing?
Trade marketing is any marketing approach used by manufacturers that helps promote [and ultimately sell] a product.
Trade marketing will target customers, retailers, wholesalers, distributors… or a combination.
Need trade marketing examples?
Pop into any trade show or retail shop and you should see trade marketing in action:
What about trade marketing resources?
150. Traditional marketing
What is traditional marketing?
Traditional marketing is any marketing strategy that’s been around for a long time.
Need traditional marketing examples?
Over the years, companies have advertised in print, on billboards and via flyers.
What about traditional marketing resources?
151. Transactional marketing
What is transactional marketing?
Transactional marketing is marketing that focuses on increasing the efficiency and volume of individual sales [rather than on establishing and maintaining a relationship with customers].
Increasing sales might sound like a good idea, but transactional marketing can come across as very impersonal, so you’d have to question its longevity.
Need transactional marketing examples?
The most common form of transactional marketing is in-store promotions:
Want transactional marketing resources?
152. Undercover marketing
What is undercover marketing?
Undercover marketing is using intrigue to coax interest for something. Undercover marketing is designed to tease people and tap into the human desire to know more.
Consumers are often more engaged when marketers reveal partial information about a product and not give away the whole game.
Need undercover marketing examples?
Movie trailers are the best examples of undercover marketing:
What about undercover marketing resources?
153. User-generated marketing
What is user-generated marketing?
User-generated marketing can be defined as any strategy that allows consumers to participate in a marketing campaign.
By creating a more interactive and engaging experience for a target audience, user-generated marketing is as much a PR exercise as anything else.
It’s a very cost-effective marketing tactic that can transform a business into a brand.
Need user-generated marketing examples?
A brand could start up a discussion about a popular topic on social media and drive engagement.
It doesn’t have to be about a particular product or service; the effectiveness of the strategy lies in the visibility of the brand within the conversation.
What about user-generated marketing resources?
154. Vertical marketing
What is vertical marketing?
A vertical market is a specific market or niche, so vertical marketing is any marketing collateral that targets a particular group of people.
Need vertical marketing examples?
Consider a company that produces protein shakes. Two vertical markets could be gymnasiums and health food shops.
They should use different vertical marketing campaigns to get their shakes into those 2 different places.
What about vertical marketing resources?
155. Video marketing
What is video marketing?
Video marketing is the use of video to advertise a product or service.
Video marketing is extremely effective these days for a couple of reasons.
Firstly, people love to watch videos. And secondly, technology has made watching videos incredibly easy.
Need video marketing examples?
Many businesses use YouTube to market products and service.
And with good reason.
YouTube is the second-largest search engine in the world.
To put YouTube into perspective, it reaches more 18-49-year-olds than any cable network in the US.
There are 4billion video views on the site every day and 6 billion hours of video watched every month.
What about video marketing resources?
156. Viral marketing
What is viral marketing?
Viral marketing is the act of having a message spread quickly through various social media networks. The aim of viral marketing is to increase brand awareness… fast.
Viral marketing campaigns don’t last long, but they can be extremely effective.
Need viral marketing examples?
At a quick glance, it would appear that the Gangnam Style song went viral by accident in 2012.
In reality, the song’s huge popularity was the result of a solid viral marketing campaign that was incredibly well executed [by the South Korean label company YG Entertainment].
Current views for the official Gangnam Style video on YouTube stand at:
I’d say that represents a successful viral marketing strategy.
What about viral marketing resources?
157. Voice marketing
What is voice marketing?
Voice marketing involves using a particular tone of voice to maximize product sales.
The way a company speaks to consumers is just as important as how it looks and what it sells.
A business can have the perfect product, but if it doesn’t communicate with their target audience effectively, everything else is futile.
Need voice marketing examples?
Innocent drinks have a very well defined brand voice that resonates well with their target audience.
What about voice marketing resources?
158. Word-of-mouth marketing
What is word-of-mouth marketing?
Word-of-mouth marketing is when happy customers recommend a brand, product or service without the business doing anything.
Clearly, it’s one of the best types of marketing.
Need word-of-mouth marketing examples?
If you’ve ever stepped into an Apple store, you’ll know that you can have a play with any of their gadgets in a free, non-salesy environment.
And, because their products are so good, this combination makes people happy and gets them talking.
What about word-of-mouth marketing resources?
159. Youth marketing
What is youth marketing?
Youth marketing is any marketing strategy that’s directed towards young people.
Need youth marketing examples?
With a distinct logo and a polished image, Beats by Dre do a great job of marketing their headphones to the youth market:
What about youth marketing resources?
Phew, what a list!
Perhaps you’ve used this article to get a feel for the types of marketing strategies that you could execute for your business.
You could have simply clicked on it to look up a quick definition.
Maybe it’s helped you decide on the type of marketing career that you’d like to pursue.
Or possibly, you needed it to understand the marketing opportunities that are at your fingertips…
… either way, I hope this piece has been useful.
As you can imagine, it took an absolute age to put together.
But it was worth it, because I haven’t found a more comprehensive guide to marketing on the internet.
If you could give this article a share on social media, that would be much appreciated.